More About Mawlid al-Nabi

Mawlid[a] (Arabic: مَولِد‎, lit. 'Birth [of Muhammad]') is the observance of the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad which is commemorated primarily on 12th of Rabi' al-Awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar.[1][2]

The history of this celebration goes back to the early days of Islam when some of the Tabi‘un began to hold sessions in which poetry and songs composed to honour Muhammad were recited and sung to the crowds.[3] It has been said that the first Muslim ruler to officially celebrate the birth of Muhammad in an impressive ceremony was Muzaffar al-Din Gökböri (d. 630/1233).[4] The Ottomans declared it an official holiday in 1588,[5] known as Mevlid Kandil.[6] The term Mawlid is also used in some parts of the world, such as Egypt, as a generic term for the birthday celebrations of other historical religious figures such as Sufi saints.[7]

Most denominations of Islam approve of the commemoration of Muhammad's birthday;[8][9] however, with the emergence of Wahhabism-Salafism, Deobandism and Ahl-i Hadith,[10] many of the followers of these movements began to disapprove its commemoration, considering it an illicit religious innovation (bid'ah or bidat).[11] Mawlid is recognized as a national holiday in most of the Muslim-majority countries of the world with the exception of Saudi Arabia and Qatar. Some non-Muslim majority countries with large Muslim populations such as India also recognise it as a public holiday.

Date & Time

September 15, 2024

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